Nail Disorders

Nail Disorders

Unable to get that beautiful nail art done because of those discolored or ingrown nail, don’t worry we at Dermaone are here to help you get rid of it and have your attractive, pink nails back.
There are different types of nail disorders and we provide treatments for all of them.
Let’s first understand different types of nail disorders.
There are many types of nail disorders some of which are:

Nail Discoloration

The normal nail is pale pink in color. The end of the nail that grows off the finger is white because it has no connection with the vascular nail bed which supports the rest of the nail plate. Nails can become discolored because of smoking tobacco, infections of the nail bed, injury to the nail bed, etc.

Bacterial Paronychia

This is a condition caused by bacterial infection of the nail fold. It is more common in those who always have their hands in contact with moisture, who bite their nails or incorrectly manicure their nails, or are prone to eczematous conditions or small injuries of the fingers.

Chronic Paronychia

Here the nail fold is thickened, tender and mildly reddened. It is due to a mix of factors such as chemical irritation, allergy and moist conditions, all of which predispose to chronic fungal infection as well. The nail becomes distorted in many such cases with accompanying discoloration.

Traumatic Changes to the Nail

The nail may become injured, leading to:

  • Lifting of the nail by a subungual hematoma
  • Loss of the nail plate if the injury is too severe
  • Ridging of the nail or nail deformities if the nail matrix is traumatized

Elevation of the Nail Plate (Onycholysis)

The nail can be lifted off the underlying nail plate by infection or trauma, and appears yellowish or white. This includes picking under the fingernails too far, pus formation under the nail plate, some fungal infections, etc.

Ingrown Nails

This condition is characterized by nails growing into the skin at the sides of the nail. This causes pain and may predispose to infection. It is more common if the nail curves inwards too sharply, or if the nails are not trimmed correctly (straight across, or, in the case of fingernails, with a gentle curve). Trauma or tight footwear may also cause this condition.

Nail Thickening

Thickening of the toenails is a normal age-related change, but abnormal thickening is also possible. This includes injury, fungal infection, tight shoes, etc.

Nail Ridges

Longitudinal ridges running down the nail may occur in several systemic conditions, such as severe anemia or malnutrition, aging, trauma, illness, etc.

Nail Splitting

The nail may flake into layers as it grows, due to:

  • Constant application and removal of nail polish
  • Hands in constant exposure to water
  • Overuse of the fingernails

What is the treatment of nail disorders?

If any abnormal change is observed in the nails, consulting with a dermatologist will be beneficial. Depending on the cause, treatment may include:

  • Antibiotics for bacterial infections
  • Antifungal preparations, mainly oral tablets, for fungal infections in the nails
  • Treatment for any contributing skin disease
  • Advice on appropriate nail care.