What is Melasma?

Melasma is a common skin problem. It causes brown to gray-brown patches, usually on the face. Most people get it on their cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip. It can also appear on the other parts of the body exposed to sun, such as the forearms and neck.

What causes Melasma?

Melasma is caused due to:

  • sun exposure
  • genetic predisposition
  • hormonal changes
  • pregnancy
  • birth control pills


The treatment for Melasma depends on the type of melasma, following treatments are suitable for different type of melasma:

  • applying sunscreen
  • timely treatment of hormonal imbalance
  • applying prescribed creams and lotion
  • laser treatment
  • chemical peel

Do lasers work for melasma?

Laser treatment can heal melasma .  Multiple laser treatments may be necessary to see results, as treatments are most effective when they are repeated. To ensure that treatment doesn’t fail, people must minimize sun exposure.


Melasma can be prevented by avoiding facial sun exposure. People having family history of melasma should take extra precautions to prevent melasma. The most important way to prevent the onset of melasma and premature aging is to avoid the sun. If exposure to sunlight cannot be avoided, then hats, sunglasses, and sunblock with physical blockers should be worn.